Is the truth out there? The creators of the hit television show The X Files tried to convince us that it was. In this case the truth was that there was a grand conspiracy among shadowy elites to collaborate with aliens and hide their presence from the rest of the world.
A similar theory was born in the late 1947 when local radio stations in New Mexico broadcast an Army press release that claimed “flying disc” had crashed and been recovered near Roswell. The Pentagon’s story quickly changed to a crashed high altitude weather balloon.
This incident thrust a spotlight on the idea that extraterrestrial beings could be visiting the Earth — and that the government knew about it. Notions about alien visitors and some would say evidence of their existence goes back as far as our major religious texts and even further into our prehistory.
The U.S. government has spent many millions of dollars studying the possibility of aliens and listening for signal from alien civilizations with powerful radio telescopes. Whatever the truth, many alien enthusiasts believe it is only a matter of time before they are proven correct.
15. Digging up Aliens
There is a group of amateur researchers who subscribe to the ancient alien theory most associated with writer Erich von Daniken’s Chariots of the Gods. This theory contends that alien space travelers visited earth numerous times starting in the distant past, perhaps even before modern man was fully evolved.
These aliens came in contact with different ancient civilizations including the Mesopotamians, Greeks and Indians, and were at least partially the basis of ancient texts like the Old Testament and the Bhagavad Gita.
Humans were awed and mystified by these god-like beings and in struggling to comprehend them left a record of their existence. This is a highly controversial theory that is rejected by most academics, but continues to to hold interest for the public and many amateur researchers.
14. Seeds Everywhere
The idea that an advanced alien race seeded the galaxy with life sounds like something out of a classic science fiction novel or television show, but it actually goes back to the 5th century B.C.
Panspermia, which is Greek for “seeds everywhere,” appears to have been put forth first by an ancient philosopher named Anaxagoras.
A variation of the theory is “Directed Panspermia” which contends that an advanced intelligence seeded planets across the galaxy, including the earth, with the necessary materials to produce complex life forms. Some scientists argue that there are strange bits of material and other unexplained anomalies on genes that are evidence of design.
13. E.T. in our D.N.A.
Francis Crick along with his colleague James Watson are best known for their groundbreaking work discovering the helix shape of the DNA molecule. But Crick had a long and productive career and he was fascinated and perplexed by the biochemistry of the origins of life.
The difficulties surrounding this question led him to consider panspermia as an explanation. Crick summarized his position when he wrote: “…organisms were deliberately transmitted to earth by intelligent beings on another planet. We conclude that it is possible that life reached the earth in this way, but that the scientific evidence is inadequate at the present time to say anything about the probability…”
Panspermia will continue to be a controversial theory for years to come.
12. Alien Texts?
There are a lot of strange passages in in ancient texts including religious texts such as the Hebrew Old Testament, Hindu Vedas and the Egyptian Book of the Dead. According to ancient astronaut theorists, one Hindu text called the Ramayana describes a battle between advanced races using weapons of mass destruction:
Gurkha flying in his swift and powerful Vimana hurled against the three cities of the Vrishis and Andhakas a single projectile charged with all the power of the Universe. An incandescent column of smoke and fire, as brilliant as ten thousands suns, rose in all its splendor. It was the unknown weapon, the Iron Thunderbolt, a gigantic messenger of death which reduced to ashes the entire race of the Vrishnis and Andhakas.
Most religious scholars discount the astronaut theory and maintain that the vivid descriptions are merely ancient authors’ attempts to convey dramatic, but more mundane human struggles. However, even most myths have a basis in fact so when ancients described huge battles and cataclysmic destruction of whole cities what were they describing?
11. Astronauts and Aliens
Eyewitness accounts of events are notoriously unreliable and eyewitness accounts of UFOs and aliens are probably even more unreliable. But there might be exceptions.
NASA astronauts are among the most respected and admired people in America and for good reason. Astronauts are highly trained competent people who have proven to be reliable under stress. Buzz Aldrin was a decorated combat pilot before becoming one of the first humans to walk on the moon as part of the Apollo 11 mission in 1969.
Although he kept quiet during his NASA career, Mr. Aldrin has since come forward to say he saw a UFO during that mission and that he believes in the existence of alien life. Not as well known as Aldrin, former Mercury program astronaut Gordon Cooper has spoken extensively about his belief that some UFOs are alien spacecraft.
10. Project Mogul?
Shortly after what was to become known around the world as “the Roswell Incident” the U.S. Army Air Force said that the “crash” outside a small town in New Mexico in July, 1947 was a weather balloon.
Then in the 1990s, the Air Force said that it was actually part of a “Project Mogul” a program that monitored the Soviet Union’s atmospheric nuclear weapons tests. One of the problems is that the Army press office at the local base put out a press release stating they had recovered a “flying disc” at a ranch on the outskirts of the town.
This release was “corrected” quickly, but it has provided conspiracy theorists with something to focus on as the tip of a larger government coverup. Several people who served on the base at the time of the incident have said they saw strange debris and even what looked like dead alien bodies, but vigorous attempts have been made to discredit them.
9. Project Blue Book
After the Roswell incident in 1947 the U.S. military started Project Grudge with the stated purpose of studying the UFO phenomenon. Grudge was cancelled after a few years with the public conclusion being that UFOs were explainable as mundane events including weather phenomenon and conventional aircraft.
Several years later however, the Air Force wanted a better explanation for radar anomalies it could not explain. The result was Project Blue Book. Thousands of cases were studied with most being readily explained away, but according to unclassified excerpts the Air Force concluded there were at lest 700 cases that defied explanation.
This doesn’t mean that these cases represent genuine alien encounters, but if even one of them is then that changes everything.
8. Russia’s Roswell
“Roswell” has become synonymous with UFO and alien encounters. Even though it is the most famous incident and has found its way into the cultural consciousness it is not the only such incident. The late 20th century was a prolific period of UFO and alien sightings and experts and researchers continue to argue about why this was the case.
The former Soviet Union experienced its “Roswell” in January 1986 when witnesses saw a fast moving reddish object streaking across the sky over the mining town of Dalnegorsk. Russian scientists examined the crash site shortly after event and found an impact crater and pieces of metallic debris of various sizes.
The metals were made from combinations of iron, gold, and lead, but were described as having exotic characteristics such as being impervious to radar waves and exhibiting anti-gravity properties.
6EQUJ5 is one of the most famous alphanumeric sequences in UFO circles. This sequence is popularly known as the “Wow!” signal because the researcher who discovered it in August 1977 among a jumble of data actually scribbled the word in the margin. People have argued about what the sequence actually is.
While most agree that it does not a specific message that we can discern, it does possess some characteristics of interest. The signal seemed to originate in the constellation Sagittarius and lasted for exactly 72 seconds without repeating. It was noteworthy for its intensity and for the narrow band of frequencies it used.
Repeated scans of the same patch of sky have heard not more signals, although more sensitive equipment has ruled out “background noise” and other mundane phenomenon.
6. Area 51
The expanse of remote Nevada desert known to the world as Area 51 served as a gunnery range during World War II and was adjacent to the nuclear bomb test sites. The U.S. Air Force installed a facility within Area 51 near Groom Lake to build and test secret reconnaissance planes such as the U-2 to spy on the Soviet Union.
The base continued to produce secret aircraft such as the F117 Stealth Fighter. These various spy planes are the official explanation for the association Area 51 has with UFOs.
Although the military refuses to comment on current projects at the base, it continues to operate. The base maintains a very high level of security with numerous posted signs of the government’s ability to use deadly force against people foolish enough to breach the perimeter of the still mysterious Area 51.
5. Lines in the Sand
The Nazca lines found in a desert in Peru have long been held up as a credible piece of evidence of alien astronauts in Earth’s distant past. The earliest geoglyphs, dating from about 200 B.C., were made by arranging rocks into the shapes of animals, plants and some mysterious creatures.
Later lines were etched directly into the dry ground and because of the prevailing dry climate they have remained intact for centuries. Although the lines can technically be seen from the ground, alien researchers would argue they were designed to be seen from the sky centuries before air travel was invented.
They theorize that the large drawings were intended to be messages or some kind of navigation aides that pilots would be able to spot easily while approaching the ground. Conventional scholars disregard this, but there is no consensus on what the lines were intended for.
4. The Closest Encounter
Movies like E.T. and Close Encounters of the Third Kind portrayed an exciting and mysterious, but ultimately benign view of human — alien contact.
An encounter of the first kind is the most common going back possibly to prehistoric times and describes accounts of people witnessing unidentified lights in the sky or some other unidentified flying object. A close encounter of the third kind describes humans witnessing particular events such as an alien landing and exiting a space craft.
There have been hundreds of these kinds of accounts reported by people all over the world. The fourth kind of encounter alleges abductions at the hands of aliens that often involve unexplained lost time and vague memories of being experimented on by the aliens.
Although there is no real evidence yet for the fifth kind of encounter it alleges that aliens with or without the help of humans have created alien-human hybrid beings.
3. Concerning Flying Discs
“It is the opinion that the phenomenon reported is something real and not visionary or fictitious. There are objects probably approximating the shape of a disc, of such appreciable size as to appear to be as large as a man-made aircraft.”
This is an excerpt from a 1947 document known as the Twining memo. General Nathan Twining appears to matter of factly confirm UFO researchers’ contention that the U.S. government has known about the existence of aliens visiting Earth since at least the 1940s.
Obviously, the issue is whether or not the document is authentic or fake. UFO researchers have been trying to convince doubters that the memo is in fact genuine, but the U.S. government has oscillated between ignoring it and denouncing it as a fraud.
Interestingly, General Twining rose to become Chief of Staff for the Air Force in 1953, but in retirement he did talk about his connection to UFOs. He appeared in a 1979 documentary called UFOs are Real.
2. Majic Show
Physicist and author Stanton Friedman is the man usually credited with publicizing the supposed existence of a top secret government project known as Operation Majestic 12. Friedman became aware of MJ-12 when documents were leaked to him anonymously by someone who had direct knowledge of and access to MJ-12 materials.
The documents show the Eisenhower administration creating a committee of 12 experts to supervise an investigation into the UFO phenomena. The Twining Memo was reportedly among the documents leaked to Friedman.
A number of government investigators and private parties have studied the MJ-12 documents and many have concluded they are not authentic. However, there is still a sizeable number of UFO investigators who continue to stand by the documents as genuine.
The investigators argue that the government and its agents have many reasons to try to convince the public that the documents are fake. They add that disinformation and discrediting of UFO investigators was part of MJ-12’s original mandate.
1. N = R* fp ne fl fi fc L
Philosophers and laymen alike have looked up at the stars for centuries and wondered who else might be out there. But it wasn’t until Frank Drake’s 1961 work that a systematic attempt was made to quantify the possible number of intelligent civilizations in the Milky Way Galaxy.
His equation has eight parameters including the rate of star formation, the number of planets that can support life and the length of time intelligent civilizations would send detectable signals. The equation has been criticized for its lack of precision, but Drake maintains that he never intended the equation to be a formal mathematical model.
Instead, he hoped it would foster debate about the necessary conditions needed for intelligent civilizations and ways to possibly contact them. Drake and his team did assign values to the parameters and came up with roughly 100,000 intelligent civilizations in our galaxy.
Other researchers have used other values to get a minimum of 20 civilizations and a maximum of 50,000,000. We may never know the real number, but it seems to suggest that we are not alone.